Big turnout at Frick: There is much interest in the scientific and practical work conducted by the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL. This year’s Open Day held many attractions for young and old alike, from information to culinary delights to enchanting stories for the youngest visitors.
To dehorn or not to dehorn, that is the question
Approximately 90 percent of all cattle are currently dehorned as a result of economic pressures: horned cows need more space in the stall than dehorned ones. At an information event on the Hornkuhinitiative (horned cow initiative), FiBL researcher Anet Spengler and FiBL adviser Claudia Schneider presented arguments in favour of reconsidering the practice of dehorning. “Dehorning is a painful procedure. Horns are living organs that are supplied with blood and grow throughout the animals’ lives; the cows use them for communication and body care”, said Anet Spengler. “We recommend that the popular initiative be adopted.”
Reducing pesticide applications in Switzerland
Current popular initiatives call for a ban of pesticide use in farming. The Swiss Confederation is also pursuing a national action plan on reducing pesticide use. One possible solution would be to entirely convert Switzerland to organic farming, a scenario that was debated in a public discussion panel as part of FiBL’s Open Day. “It would be possible to drastically reduce the negative impacts of pesticides on the environment and human health”, Lucius Tamm, Head of the Department of Crop Science at FiBL, argued in his presentation. “However, the large-scale implementation of the ‘Vision Bioland Schweiz’ – a fully organic Switzerland – would be highly demanding as there would need to be major changes in cultivation techniques, markets and agricultural policy, and yield reductions would be likely.”
For 30 years now, FiBL has been developing new organic plant protection strategies, such as plant extracts to combat fungal diseases or beneficial wasps that deposit their eggs in aphids and other crop pests, killing them in the process. “We must now speed up these developments in order to make organic farming work on all farm holdings”, explains Tamm.
Resistant apples, resilient peas and GM-free cotton
Stalls, guided tours and an information event demonstrated how apples as a permanent crop are under particularly high pressure from damaging fungal and bacterial diseases as well as from insects. In order to find cultivars that can tolerate these pressures, FiBL provides scientific backstopping to private breeders such as the Poma Culta initiative. FiBL also provides support for the further development of crop plants such as peas and lupins which have had less attention from breeders – it does so in cooperation with breeders, farmers, processors and traders.
FiBL is also active overseas, for example in participatory cotton breeding in India where GM-free organic cultivars are bred and selected together with farmers.
The development of innovative breeding strategies of this nature, the worldwide coordination of and support for stakeholders in crop plant breeding, and scientific backstopping for private breeders are among the priorities of FiBL as a centre of excellence and innovation in organic crop plant breeding.
For further information visit www.fibl.org
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